The operation of the pool pump controls the whole operation of the swimming pool. Without the main pump, the cleaning system generally cannot function, and the water cannot be filtered, too. It is therefore, crucial to use the best pool pump and be aware of its proper operation.
What Is Pool Pump?
- 1 What Is Pool Pump?
- 2 Things Consider When Choosing Swimming Pool Pump
- 3 Top 5 Best Pool Pump Reviews
- 3.1 Single-Speed Pool Pump
- 3.2 Dual-Speed Pool Pump
- 3.3 Variable speed pool pump
- 4 How To Install a Hayward EcoStar Variable Speed Pump
- 5 Conclusion
Basically, the pool pump is the heart of the flow system of the swimming pool. Its role is to draw water out of the pool through the main drain and the skimmer; push it through the filtration system, and then send it back to the pool.
The components of the pump are:
- Motor – a pool pump has an electric motor that uses 110 or 220 volts and spins at 3,450 rpm. Since it is air cooled, it is not completely sealed from its surroundings. For this reason, you need to be careful not to let excess water enter the motor via the cooling vents underneath the housing.
- Impeller – this is attached to the end of the motor’s shaft. It generates high water pressure in the centrifuge and is driven by the motor. When the impeller turns, it pushes water to the outer edges of the impeller. The water exits through a pipe that leads to the filter.
- Hair and lint trap – this prevents debris from going into the impeller assembly.
How To: Size A Pool Pump
Above ground pool pump
Above ground pool pump has a huge filter basket that collects debris. It has a high-capacity motor with overload protector and requires less maintenance. This is why many consider it as the best pool pump. The main feature of this type is its high flow action, which is highly efficient for quick filtering cycles.
Inground pool pump
Compared to above ground pool pump type, inground pool pump is the cheaper option. It is also less complicated to operate. However, this pump uses more energy than the above ground pump.
Single speed pool pump
A single speed pool pump operates with a constant speed. This means you cannot increase or decrease the pumping power. The only control is by turning it on and off. Its standard speed is set at 3,450 rpm.
The main advantage of a single speed pool pump is that it is quite effective in pumping water. Since it only has one speed, this setting will always be on “high,” which creates great circulation. This type of speed pump is also extremely popular because it has been in use for many years. So, they are really affordable and easy to find.
It costs less to purchase a single speed pool pump, but is not as energy efficient as other pool pumps. It will use a huge amount of electricity since it constantly pumps at a “high” speed. Moreover, it normally creates more noise than other pump types. The causes of the noise include the huge amount of water that flows through the pump during operation; the pressure on the bearings and pump from high motor speed; and the subsequent head pressure.
Dual speed pool pump
A dual speed pool pump usually operates like a single speed pump, except it has options for high and low speeds. The low speed setting is typically at 1,725 rpm, while the high speed is at 3,450 rpm. This distinction is achieved with the use of a frequency inverter or toggle switch. The low speed is often used for basic filtration and circulation purposes and the high speed is for certain operations that need more power, such as running the pool heater and vacuuming a pool.
It is advantageous to have a dual speed pool pump because it is more versatile compared to a single speed pump. This type is mainly for water filtration and circulation in the pool. For most of the time, you can simply use a low speed for a quieter operation and to save energy. Then, turn it to a high speed if you need greater water movement and better suction.
Many people are starting to switch over to a dual speed pool pump. This brings the price down for this type. However, it is still more expensive than a single speed pump.
The low speed setting is actually too low for most heaters to operate. Furthermore, it provides too little flow when you use it in above ground pools. Because it typically requires manual operation to change the speed, the operator will set it on only one speed.
To operate the high and low speeds, the two speed pumps separate the copper windings in the motor. This makes this pump as noisy as a single speed pool pump.
Variable speed pool pump
A variable speed pool pump offers flexibility. You can adjust it exactly to your preferred speed or the required speed to finish a specific task on your pool. It has multiple speeds – low to high, plus many speeds in between.
This type operates on a Permanent Magnet Motor or PMM. The best variable speed pool pump lasts longer, run quieter and cooler than other types of motor.
Perhaps the most important advantage it offers is that you can save a lot of energy over time than a single speed pool pump. This is because you can tune the speed to only pump just what is required for the pool. Thus, a variable speed pump is considered as the type with the highest energy efficiency.
Likewise, you can use a variable speed pump alongside constant-flow software. This is a system that automatically adjusts the pump speed when the machine needs to do a different task.
The price point of an average model of this type is a lot higher than a single speed pump; and slightly more expensive than a dual speed pump.
Things Consider When Choosing Swimming Pool Pump
There are numerous models of swimming pool pumps and their prices greatly vary. This sometimes makes it hard to choose the pump that you need. Pool pump reviews can provide you information on the quality and reliability of these products and help you make a choice.
Every pool pump has different specifications, so here are the things you need to consider:
- Pump capacity – this is commonly based on the volume of water of the swimming pool. The volume suggests the horse power to use. A typical domestic pool uses 1 to 2-HP, but if you are hesitant to use a 1-HP motor, you can opt for 1.5-HP.
- Number of users – this impacts the maintenance of your pool. If there are more users, the more frequent maintenance is needed to pump or clean the water. For quick pumping, the best single speed pool pump is right for the task.
- Frequency of maintenance – if you are likely to do the cleaning or pumping in both low and high speed setting, but not as often as the case mentioned, you may choose a dual speed pump. This type of pump works great for alternating services. It works best as well if you are using pool heaters. Larger pools tend to have more users and require more frequent maintenance because debris may be heavy. This means you need a heavy-duty pool pump like the variable speed pool pump. This works in various ways; it filters the water and sucks the pumps in different speeds. While the operation may be complicated, the result is truly satisfying.
- Price – some pool pumps are considered high-end, but offer inferior quality than cheaper ones. Consider your needs first, and then go for the price range that suits your budget.
Top 5 Best Pool Pump Reviews
Single-Speed Pool Pump
Hayward SP2610X15 Super Pump 1.5-HP Max-Rated
This high-capacity pump sets the standard for value and excellence. It combines cost-efficient design with heavy-duty construction. This model designed for all types and sizes of in-ground swimming pools. It is also recognized in the industry for its performance and reliability.
- Swing-way hand knobs – make strainer cover easier to remove as no tools are required
- Oversized debris basket with extra leaf holding capacity – this offers less frequent maintenance
- See-through strainer cover – you can see when you need to clean the basket
- Easy to install – requires simple installation and servicing
Dual-Speed Pool Pump
Hayward SP15932S Power-Flo Matrix 1-1/2-Horsepower 2-Speed AboveGround Pool Pump
This could be the best dual speed pool pump that you are looking for. It is engineered as an exceptional above ground pool pump. By just pushing a button, it can make the pump switch from horizontal to a vertical discharge and vice versa.
- Industrial-size strainer basket – this is useful for large debris collection; requires minimal maintenance
- Heavy-duty motor – this high performance motor and the automatic thermal overload protector ensure that the pump will last for a really long time
- It is energy-efficient; has a secure rear-mounted switch
Variable speed pool pump
Hayward SP2302VSP Max-Flo VS VariableSpeed Pool Pump Energy Star Certified
Many variable speed pool pump reviews say that this type of pool pump is the best way to enjoy your swimming pool while saving energy. However, compared to other oversized variable speed pump models, the Max-Flo VS is the perfect size. This offers great energy savings.
- It is ENERGY STAR Certified; meets the industry regulations
- Considered in the industry as one of the most energy-efficient pool pump models at any speed
- Extra-large basket – guarantees easy removal of leaves and debris; offers less frequent maintenance
- Built-in time clock – this makes the programming much easier compared to standard countdown timers
- TEFC or totally enclosed fan cooled motor – provides remarkable reliability and efficiency
Pentair 011018 IntelliFlo VariableSpeed High Performance Pool Pump, 3 Horsepower.
Conventional pool pumps run at constant speeds, which are mostly higher than what is needed. As a result, they overpower the tasks that they are supposed to do, which lead to waste of energy. This Pentair variable speed pool pump offers custom programming with ideal pump speeds for certain tasks like heating, cleaning, filtering, etc.
- Saves energy up to 90% compared to conventional pool pumps
- Significantly quieter operation
- Built-in diagnostics – offer protection for the pool pump to have longer life
- Built-in timer and 8 programmable speed settings – ensure optimal run times and speeds for maximum savings and efficiency
Hayward SP3400VSP EcoStar VS Variable-Speed Pool Pump Energy Star Certified
This model is the most energy efficient variable speed pool pump because of its permanent magnet, TEFC (totally enclosed fan cooled) motor and hydraulic design. This Hayward variable speed pool pump can offer pool owners as much as 90% in energy savings compared to conventional single speed pool pumps.
- Can be installed in any application – options include stand-alone mode, competitive control systems, and Hayward automation
- Safety Vacuum Release System (SVRS) – helps avoid suction entrapment without wiring, plumbing, or using other devices
- Match pump flow – the flow rate matches what the pool needs compared to other models that run at full power all the time
- Extra-large basket – offers an easy debris collection; prolongs time between cleaning schedules
How To Install a Hayward EcoStar Variable Speed Pump
In summary, choosing the best pool pump may be difficult, but these reviews can make your decision easier and more convenient. The choice depends on the use of the pool pump. Most pool owners have different applications that require different approach.
Consider the type of pool pump you need – single, dual, or variable speed pool pump. While single speed pool pumps are old-fashioned, they can still do the task. You may opt for the dual speed pump for alternating services and in conjunction with other machines. As for the variable speed pump, it is much more efficient and offers a range of speeds.
Choose the variable speed pool pump if you can afford its initial cost. You can save more money in the long run because it is energy efficient. This pool pump type is also durable. It can last up to three to five years or even longer.